Employer Versus Employee
The interface between people in relative positions of hierarchy and influence within the context of an employment relationship.
The construct of leadership likely has a long evolutionary lineage. It may have arisen, in part, as a psychological and structural solution to the challenges inherent in complex group coordination: conflict resolution, coalition formation, collective nomadism, and so forth. It could be argued that an individual’s fitness would have been improved as a result of living in groups with effective leaders (Bastardoz and Van Vugt 2018). If one were to imagine two largely identical groups of ancestral humans – both inhabiting the same physical environment and beholden to the same climatic and environmental parameters – with one governed by effective leadership and thus optimized decision-making and reduced group discord and the other not, then, all else equal, those...
- Bastardoz, N., & Van Vugt, M. (2018). The nature of followership: Evolutionary analysis and review. The Leadership Quarterly. In press.Google Scholar