Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Benefits of Short-Term Mating

Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_279-1



Direct and indirect benefits of engaging in short-term mating relationships.


According to sexual strategies theory (SST), men and women evolved to adopt mating strategies that were aimed to solve recurring adaptive problems faced ancestrally (Buss and Schmitt 1993). Since men and women differ in their reproductive biology, sex differences are a fundamental component of SST, and therefore, the biological differences between the sexes influences the temporal dimension of mating strategies. For women, the heavy investment of pregnancy and child rearing means that reproduction is a costly process, whereas men only invest in sperm production, and paternal investment is not always certain. These sex differences in reproduction factor into the mating strategy utilized by men and women, as maximizing reproductive success may be favored by the least investing sex and maximizing parental investment may be...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Oklahoma Center for Evolutionary AnalysisOklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Tara DeLecce
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOakland UniversityRochesterUSA