(Co)parenting of a partner’s child which is not one’s biological child.
Step-parenting takes on many different forms and may have different causes. Historically and across societies, there is variation in what constitutes the most common causes for stepfamily formation: Whereas in modern industrial societies increasing rates of separation and divorce along with re-partnering and multiple-partner fertility have been major drivers for the formation of stepfamilies (Steinbach 2010), historically stepfamilies were mostly formed after the death of one biological parent, often out of economic necessity (Hill and Kopp 2013, p. 33).
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