Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Human Genome Project, The

  • Avantika Mainieri
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_2227-1

Definition

The Human Genome Project was an international research project that mapped and stored all 3.2 billion base pairs in the human genome.

Introduction

The Human Genome Project (HGP), successfully completed in 2003, was an international collaboration that accurately sequenced and mapped the entire euchromatic portion of the human genome. Two separate drafts of the human genome DNA sequences were published in 2001 as a consequence of the race between Celera Genomic’s privately funded and the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium’s publicly funded initiatives. Their goals were to sequence all the nucleotides of the human genome, create databases to store this information, and develop tools to analyze this massive amount of information. Completing the project required collaborators from the UK, France, Japan, Italy, Canada, and Germany and costs approximately $3 billion (International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium 2004).

History and Significance

In 1986, over 30...

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References

  1. Berg, P. (2006). Origins of the human genome project: Why sequence the human genome when 96% of it is junk? American Journal of Human Genetics, 79(4), 603–605.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium. (2001). Initial sequencing and analysis of the human genome. Nature, 409, 860–921.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium. (2004). Finishing the euchromatic sequence of the human genome. Nature, 431, 931–945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Venter, J. C., et al. (2001). The sequence of the human genome. Science, 291, 1304–1351.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Harvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Karin Machluf
    • 1
  1. 1.Pennsylvania State UniversityUniversity ParkUSA