Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Conditioned Response

  • Christoforos Christoforou
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_1042-1



A conditioned response constitutes the product of learning through the acquisition of a new association between a previously neutral stimulus and a biologically relevant stimulus.


Reflexive responses appear when an organism comes across stimuli which automatically trigger a reflexive response. For instance, a puff of air to the eye area automatically induces a reflexive response of an eyeblink (Spence 1978). In a scenario in which an originally neutral stimulus is associated with the puff of air, that formerly neutral stimulus turns into a conditioned stimulus and acquires functions that enable it to induce qualitatively similar responses (i.e., conditioned responses) with the reflexive ones (McSweeney and Murphy 2014). That is, in the field of Pavlovian/respondent conditioning, neutral stimuli refer to any stimulus that originally did not induce any particular...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christoforos Christoforou
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus

Section editors and affiliations

  • Menelaos Apostolou
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus