Encyclopedia of Evolutionary Psychological Science

Living Edition
| Editors: Todd K. Shackelford, Viviana A. Weekes-Shackelford

Eric Kandel

  • Androulla Ioannou
  • Xenia Anastassiou-HadjicharalambousEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16999-6_1036-1


Eric Kandel is a well-known neuroscientist for his research on memory and learning for which he shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2000. His breakthrough came through his pioneering work with Aplysia, which provided a wealth of information regarding nonassociative learning and its forms.

Eric Kandel’s Biography

Kandel was born in Vienna on the 7th of November 1929. His mother, named Charlotte Zimels, was born in 1897 in Kolomea, which was at that time part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. Kolomea is now a part of Ukraine and has been renamed Kolomyya. She came from a well-educated Jewish middle-class family. His father, Hermann Kandel, was born in 1898 in Olesko, a small town and then part of Austro-Hungarian Empire, now part of Ukraine, and was brought up in a poor family. At the beginning of World War I, his parents moved to Vienna, Austria, where they met and married in 1923. By the time they had their first child, Lewis, his father was the owner of a...

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  1. Carew, J. T. (1984). An introduction to cellular approaches used in the analysis of habituation and sensitization in Aplysia. In H. Peeke (Ed.), Habituation, sensitization, and behavior (pp. 205–249). New York: Academic.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Castellucci, V., Pinsker, H., Kupfermann, I., & Kandel, E. R. (1970). Neuronal mechanisms of habituation and dishabituation of the gill-withdrawal reflex in Aplysia. Science, 167(3926), 1745–1748.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Moroz, L. L. (2011). Aplysia. Current Biology, 21(2), R60–R61.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cub.2010.11.028.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  4. Pinsker, H. M., Hening, W. A., Carew, T. J., & Kandel, E. R. (1973). Long-term sensitization of a defensive withdrawal reflex in Aplysia. Science, 182(4116), 1039–1042.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. The Official Website of the Nobel Prize. (2018). https://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/medicine/laureates/2000/kandel-bio.html. Accessed 22 Jan 2018.

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Androulla Ioannou
    • 1
  • Xenia Anastassiou-Hadjicharalambous
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.University of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus

Section editors and affiliations

  • Menelaos Apostolou
    • 1
  1. 1.University of NicosiaNicosiaCyprus