Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

Living Edition
| Editors: Jay Lebow, Anthony Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Time in Family and Couple Therapy

  • Peter Fraenkel
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-15877-8_954-1

Introduction

All behavior – human or otherwise – in fact, everything in the universe, the movement of the planets, the life and death of the stars, the seasons, our heartbeats, and the smooth coordination of our bodily systems, occurs in time. Systems theories and practices, whether focused on mechanical, biological, or human behavioral systems, seek to discern patterns of growth and movement among their elements and, when those patterns are dysfunctional, seek to change those patterns. There are no patterns more basic than temporal patterns. In couples and families, struggles around such common presenting problems as money, housework and homework, in-laws, amount of energy dedicated to work versus personal life, preferred leisure activities, communication, sex, and religion, all have a “time side” to them. Most dyssynchronies in time operate out of awareness and drive seemingly unresolvable issues: Differences in time perspective (focusing mostly on the future versus on the present,...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Adams, B. N., & Cromwell, R. E. (1978). Morning and night people in the family: A preliminary statement. The Family Coordinator, 27, 5–13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Boscolo, L., & Betrando, P. (1993). The times of time: A new perspective in systemic therapy and consultation. New York: W. W. Norton &.Google Scholar
  3. Cooklin, A., (1982). Change in here-and-now systems vs systems over time. In A. Bentovim, G.G. Barnes, & A. Cooklin (eds.), Family therapy: Complementary frameworks of theory and practice (Vol 1) (pp. 73–109). London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  4. Dunlap, J. C., Loros, J. J., & DeCoursey, P. J. (Eds.) (2004). Chronobiology: Biological timekeeping. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.Google Scholar
  5. Fraenkel, P. (1994). Time and rhythm in couples. Family Process, 33, 37–51.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Fraenkel, P. (1998a). Time and couples, part I: The decompression chamber. In T. Nelson & T. Trepper (Eds.), 101 interventions in family therapy, volume II (pp. 140–144). West Hazleton: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  7. Fraenkel, P. (1998b). Time and couples, part II: The sixty second pleasure point. In T. Nelson & T. Trepper (Eds.), 101 interventions in family therapy, volume II (pp. 145–149). West Hazleton: Haworth Press.Google Scholar
  8. Fraenkel, P. (2001). The place of time in couple and family therapy. In K. J. Daly (Ed.), Minding the time in family experience: Emerging perspectives and issues (pp. 283–310). London: JAI.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fraenkel, P. (2009). The therapeutic palette: A guide to choice points in integrative couple therapy. Clinical Social Work Journal, 37, 234–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fraenkel, P. (2011). Sync your relationship, save your marriage: Four steps to getting back on track. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.Google Scholar
  11. Fraenkel, P., & Capstick, C. (2012). Contemporary two-parent families: Navigating work and family challenges. In F. Walsh (Ed.), Normal family processes (4th ed., pp. 78–101). New York: Guilford.Google Scholar
  12. Fraenkel, P., & Wilson, S. (2000). Clocks, calendars, and couples: Time and the rhythms of relationships. In P. Papp (Ed.), Couples on the fault line: New directions for therapists (pp. 63–103). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  13. Jenkins, H. (2016). Time: An a-theoretical framework for therapy and healing. In M. Borcsa & P. Stratton (Eds.), Origins and originality in family therapy and systemic practice, Switzerland European family therapy association series (pp. 37–64). Cham: Springer.  https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-39061-1_4.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Palazzoli, M. S., Boscolo, L., Cecchin, G., & Prata, G. (1978). A ritualized prescription in family therapy: Odd days and even days. Journal of Marital and Family Counseling, 4(3), 3–9.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Fraenkel
    • 1
  1. 1.The City College of New YorkNew YorkUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Maria Borcsa
    • 1
  1. 1.University of Applied Sciences NordhausenNordhausenGermany