Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

Living Edition
| Editors: Jay Lebow, Anthony Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Reflexive Processes in Couple and Family Therapy

  • Elena FernándezEmail author
  • Sylvia London
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-15877-8_825-1

Reflecting Team (1985),

Tom Andersen (1931–2017).

Introduction

Tom Andersen, a psychiatrist, was Professor of Social Psychiatry at the Institute of Community Medicine, University of Tromso in Norway. The reflecting team is Tom Andersen’s main contribution to family therapy and psychotherapy.

In 1985 Tom Andersen and his colleagues were working in a clinical setting with a one-way mirror. The client does not see or hear the team, but after three years, Andersen explains, we dared to let them see us work (1991, p. 11). The therapists introduced a change they began to talk to the clients so they could hear directly. They did this by reversing the rules of the one-way-mirror: inverting the lights and microphones from the client(s) to the team. This format that allowed the family to listen is described in the 1987 article and in the 1991 book both by Tom Andersen. They called it a Reflecting Team (RT). The RT offers to the consultant a pluralistic view of meaning by inviting numerous...

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Key Citations

  1. Andersen, T. (1987). The reflecting team: Dialogue and meta-dialogue in clinical work. Family Process, 26, 415–428.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Andersen, T. (1991). The reflecting team: Dialogues and dialogues about the dialogues. New York: W. W. Norton.Google Scholar
  3. Andersen, T. (1995). Reflecting processes. Acts of informing and forming: You can borrow my eyes, but you must not take them away from me! In S. en Friedman (Ed.), The reflecting team in action. Collaborative practice in family therapy (pp. 11–37). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  4. Anderson, H. (1997). Conversation, language and possibilities: A postmodern approach to therapy. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  5. Anderson, H., & Goolishian, H. (1988). Human systems as linguistic system: Preliminary and evoke ideas about the implantation of clinical theory. Family Proccess, 27, 371–394.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Chang, J. (2010). The reflecting team: A training method for family counselors. The Family Journal, 18(1), 36–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fernández, E., London, S., & Tarragona, M. (2003). Las conversaciones reflexivas en el trabajo clínico, el entrenamiento y la supervisión. En G. Licea, I. Paquentín & H. Selicoff (Eds.), Voces y más voces: El equipo reflexivo en México (pp. 21–45). México: Instituto de Psicoterapia Alinde.Google Scholar
  8. Lax, W. (1995). Offering reflections. In S. en Friedman (Ed.), The reflecting team in action (pp. 145–166). New York: Guilford Press.Google Scholar
  9. Tarragona, M. (1999). La Supervisión desde una Perspectiva Posmoderna. Psicología Iberoamericana, 7(3), 68–76.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Grupo Campos ElíseosMexico CityMexico

Section editors and affiliations

  • Margarita Tarragona
    • 1
  1. 1.PositivaMente & Grupo Campos ElíseosMexico CityMexico