Encyclopedia of Couple and Family Therapy

Living Edition
| Editors: Jay Lebow, Anthony Chambers, Douglas C. Breunlin

Positive and Negative Quality of Marriage Scale

  • Allison M. McKinnon
  • Richard E. MattsonEmail author
  • Mathew D. Johnson
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-15877-8_401-1

Name and Type of Measure

The Positive and Negative Quality in Marriage Scale (PANQIMS; Fincham & Linfield, 1997) is a self-report measure that elicits global evaluations of a spouse’s positive and negative attitudes about their spouse and their marriage.



The factors that make an intimate relationship happy are distinct from the factors that make a relationship distressed. This can be observed empirically, such as through factor analytic findings that show separate positive and negative dimensions underlie relationship functioning (Orden & Bradburn, 1968). Despite variability in what determines these fluctuations in relationship quality, how favorably an individual evaluates his or her relationship is the ultimate criterion by which relationship quality is measured. Some researchers consider the satisfaction, adjustment, health, and well-being of intimate relationships to be the same construct.

Accordingly, there are several measures of relationship...

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Allison M. McKinnon
    • 1
  • Richard E. Mattson
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mathew D. Johnson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyBinghamton UniversityBinghamtonUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Heather Pederson
    • 1
  • Diana Semmelhack
    • 2
  1. 1.Council for RelationshipsPhiladelphiaUSA
  2. 2.Midwestern UniversityDowners GroveUSA