Encyclopedia of Engineering Geology

Living Edition
| Editors: Peter T. Bobrowsky, Brian Marker


  • Saeid Eslamian
  • Ali Reza Gohari
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-AskariEmail author
  • Negin Sadeghi
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-12127-7_236-1


Reservoirs are typically artificial water bodies that are constructed behind a dam or they are natural water storage entities such as lakes and rivers that are used for different purposes including drinking, irrigation, and industry.


Water is recognized as the most important element for economic and social development in developed and less developed countries around the world. Given that there is an inconsistency between the rainfall seasons and high water demand in arid and semi-arid regions, groundwater resources are the primary water source to satisfy various water demands. Surface water reservoirs are constructed to collect and store water during seasons of high rainfall and river flow when there is relatively lower water uses.

Due to water-related problems around the world and the potential for severe drought conditions in the future, proper design of new water reservoirs as well as the utilization and conservation of current reservoirs are very crucial. A...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Best EJ (1981) The influence of geology on the location, design and construction of water supply dams in the Canberra area. BMR J Aust Geol Geophys 6:161–179Google Scholar
  2. Best E (1998) Dams. In: Encyclopedia of hydrology and lakes. Springer, pp 149–153Google Scholar
  3. Dettinger MD, Anderson ML (2015) Storage in California’s reservoirs and snowpack in this time of drought: San Franc Estuary Watershed Sci 13(2)Google Scholar
  4. Piri M, Hesam M, Dehghani AA, Meftah HM (2011) Experimental study on the effect of physical and chemical approach in reducing the evaporation from water surface. J Water Soil Conserv 17(4):141–154Google Scholar
  5. Rezaei A, Karimi H, Zhan H (2017) The importance of understanding the hydrogeology and geochemistry of karst terrains for safely siting dams. J Cave Karst Stud 79(1):48–58CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Takemon Y (2006) Ecological impacts of reservoir dams on river ecosystems in tail waters. Asia Oceania Geosciences Society (AOGS), SingaporeGoogle Scholar
  7. Thornton J, Steel A, Rast W (1996) Reservoirs. In: Chapman D (ed) Water quality assessment, World Health Organization. E & FN Spon, London, pp 369–412Google Scholar
  8. UNEP (1991) Freshwater pollution, UNEP/GEMS environment library, no 6. United Nations Environment Programme, Nairobi, 36 ppGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saeid Eslamian
    • 1
  • Ali Reza Gohari
    • 1
  • Kaveh Ostad-Ali-Askari
    • 2
    Email author
  • Negin Sadeghi
    • 3
  1. 1.Water Engineering DepartmentIsfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Department of Civil Engineering, Isfahan (Khorasgan) BranchIslamic Azad UniversityIsfahanIran
  3. 3.Urban Engineering Department, Isfahan (Khorasgan) BranchIslamic Azad UniversityIsfahanIran