Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Perón, Juan

  • Amy L. SmithEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08956-0_523-1


Juan Perón (full name: Juan Domingo Perón) was born October 8, 1895. Throughout his life, he held many positions in the Argentina military and government but is best known for serving as the President of Argentina from June 1946 to September 1955 and again from October 1973 to July 1974. Juan and his second wife, Eva “Evita” Perón (née Duarte), were considered icons by many but simultaneously loathed by others, leaving a controversial legacy. After Eva’s 1952 death, Perón’s popularity and relationships with powerful authorities began to change. He was overthrown by a military coup in 1955 and fled the country, returning years later, once again being elected President (Page 1983). His third wife, Maria Perón (née Martinez) succeeded him in office after his death (Page 1983).

Perón’s relationship with religious groups was mixed. This article focuses on Perón’s relationship with the Catholic Church, the Jews, and accusations of harboring Nazis.

Relationship with the Catholic...


Perónism Nationalism Secularism Catholicism Judaism Anti-Semitism Nazism 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Alexander R (1951) The Perón Era. Columbia University Press, New York. PrintGoogle Scholar
  2. Bell L (2006) In the name of the community: populism, ethnicity, and politics among the Jews of Argentina under Perón, 1946–1955. Hisp Am Hist Rev 86(1):93–122CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Blanksten G (1953) Perón’s Argentina. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago. PrintGoogle Scholar
  4. Caride EG (2013) Governmentality and religion in the construction of the Argentinean citizen. Eur Educ 45(3):85–89CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cortesi A (1943, October 24) Minorities curbed anew in Argentina. NY Times 28. PrintGoogle Scholar
  6. Cortesi A (1945, November 28) Peronistas renew anti-Jewish moves: police look on as mobs storm Buenos Aires Streets – fear spreads in community. NY Times 8. PrintGoogle Scholar
  7. de Hoyos RJ (1970) The role of the catholic church in the revolution against President Juan D. Peron (Argentina, 1954–1955). PhD diss, New York UniversityGoogle Scholar
  8. Milanesio N (2014) A man like you: Juan Domingo Perón and the politics of attraction in mid-twentieth-century Argentina. Gend Hist 26:84–104. PrintCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Page J (1983) Perón: a biography. Random House, New York. PrintGoogle Scholar
  10. Perón JD (1973) Perón expounds his doctrine. AMS Press, New York. Reprint of Buenos Aires 1948 edition. PrintGoogle Scholar
  11. Pike FB (ed) (1964) The conflict between church and state in Latin America. Alfred A. Knopf (Borzoi Book), New York. PrintGoogle Scholar
  12. Potash R (1969) The army and politics in Argentina, 1928–1945: Yrigoyen to Perón. Stanford University Press, Stanford. PrintGoogle Scholar
  13. Rein R (2003) Argentina, Israel, and the Jews. University Press of Maryland, Bethesda. PrintGoogle Scholar
  14. Sofer E (1982) From pale to pampa: a social history of the Jews of Buenos Aires. Holmes & Meier, New York. PrintGoogle Scholar
  15. Stack NF (1976) Avoiding the greater evil: the response of the Argentine catholic church to Juan Peron, 1943–1955. PhD diss, Rutgers UniversityGoogle Scholar
  16. Steinacher G (2006) The cape of last hope: the postwar flight of Nazi war criminals through South Tyrol/Italy to South America. Faculty Publications, Department of History, Paper 115Google Scholar
  17. Weisbrot R (1979) The Jews of Argentina from the inquisition to Perón. Jewish Publication Society of America, Philadelphia. PrintGoogle Scholar
  18. Zionist Archives (1946) Juan Peron to Moises Goldman, September 26, 1946, Z5, File 11160. Zionist Archives, JerusalemGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of NebraskaLincolnUSA