Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Perón, Juan

  • Amy L. Smith
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08956-0_523-1

Introduction

Juan Perón (full name: Juan Domingo Perón) was born October 8, 1895. Throughout his life, he held many positions in the Argentina military and government but is best known for serving as the President of Argentina from June 1946 to September 1955 and again from October 1973 to July 1974. Juan and his second wife, Eva “Evita” Perón (née Duarte), were considered icons by many but simultaneously loathed by others, leaving a controversial legacy. After Eva’s 1952 death, Perón’s popularity and relationships with powerful authorities began to change. He was overthrown by a military coup in 1955 and fled the country, returning years later, once again being elected President (Page 1983). His third wife, Maria Perón (née Martinez) succeeded him in office after his death (Page 1983).

Perón’s relationship with religious groups was mixed. This article focuses on Perón’s relationship with the Catholic Church, the Jews, and accusations of harboring Nazis.

Relationship with the Catholic...

Keywords

Perónism Nationalism Secularism Catholicism Judaism Anti-Semitism Nazism 
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of NebraskaLincolnUSA