Encyclopedia of Latin American Religions

Living Edition
| Editors: Henri Gooren

Guyana

  • Adeline Jean
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-08956-0_352-1

Definition

Religious development in the Caribbean country of Guyana begins with the religious practices of the various indigenous peoples. Its current form shows a steady presence of Hinduism and a notable decline in all Christian traditions other than Pentecostal churches.

Introduction

Guyana is a nation of numerous rivers and a rain forest that occupies almost two-thirds of its land area. Within continental South America, it borders Venezuela, Suriname, and Brazil. Its historic past as a British colony leads to its common classification as a Caribbean country. Based on the 2012 census, the population of Guyana is approximately 746,955 (Bureau of Statistics of the Government of Guyana 2016: 5). Guyana is the only English-speaking country in South America. In the seventeenth century, Guyana was originally a Dutch colony but by 1815 came under British control. Ethnically, Guyana comprises people of African, East Indian, Amerindian, European, Chinese, and Portuguese descent. Each of...

Keywords

Hinduism Indigenous people Pentecostalism Roman Catholicism 
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References

  1. Boven K, van Nie M (1988) A Wayana shaman: sessions and spirits. Revindi, Revista indigenista latinoamericana 2:3–19Google Scholar
  2. Bureau of Statistics (2016) Compendium 2 population composition, Guyana. Distribution of the population by religious affiliation, Guyana: 2002 & 2012. http://www.statisticsguyana.gov.gy/census.html. Accessed 27 June 2018.
  3. Gordon RG Jr (ed) (2005) Ethnologue: languages of the world. SIL International, Dallas. http://www.ethnologue.com/
  4. Karran K (2001) Changing Kali: from India to Guyana to Britain. The Continuum Publishing Group Ltd., LondonGoogle Scholar
  5. Meighoo S, Case FI, Taylor P (2013) The encyclopedia of Caribbean religions: vol. 1: A – L; volume 2: M – Z. University of Illinois Press, ChampaignGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.St. Thomas UniversityMiamiUSA