Encyclopedia of Renaissance Philosophy

Living Edition
| Editors: Marco Sgarbi

Predestination in Renaissance Philosophy

  • Antonio GeraceEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-02848-4_1037-1


This entry deals with the concept of predestination, as it was developed in Christian debates in the time of the Renaissance. First, a brief philological introduction will be given, to show the origin of this debate. Second, Augustine’s view of predestination will be examined. Thereafter, the focus will be devoted to the centuries XIV–XVII, first analyzing John Wycliffe and Jan Hus, then Luther and Calvin, Jacob Arminius, the inner-Catholic debate of the so-called “de auxiliis controversy,” and finally turning to competing conceptions of God’s grace within three schools of Roman Catholic thought: the anti-Pelagian, Augustinian-minded school in the Spanish Netherlands – which later lead to Jansenism – the Thomist-Bañezian School in Spain, and the Jesuit Molinist school. In the course of the treatise, the difference between supralapsarianism and infralapsarianism will be clarified. Moreover, it will be necessary to consider several notions that are tightly linked with predestination, such as “grace,” “foreknowledge,” “merit,” “free will,” “election,” and “vocation.”

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Primary Literature

  1. Augustine. 1962. De Praedestinatione Sanctorum. BA 24.Google Scholar
  2. Calvin, J. 1962. Institutes of the Christian religion (trans: Beveridge, H.). London: Clarke & Co.Google Scholar
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Secondary Literature

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  6. Van Eijl, E.J.M. 1994. La controverse louvaniste autour de la grâce et du libre arbitre à la fin du XVIe siècle. In L’Augustinisme à l’ancienne faculté de théologie de Louvain, ed. Mathijs Lamberigts and Leo Kenis, 207–282. Leuven: Peeters/Leuven University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Unit of History of Church and TheologyKU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium
  2. 2.Fondazione per le scienze religiose “Giovanni XXIII”BolognaItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Anna Laura Puliafito
    • 1
  1. 1.Universität BaselBaselSwitzerland