Leydig Cell Tumor
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Interstitial cell tumor
Leydig cell tumors (LCTs) are composed of medium to large polygonal cells with abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm and resembling non-neoplastic Leydig cells of the testis.
LCTs are responsible for 10% of all cases of early pseudopuberty in children. The presentation of the precocious pseudopuberty symptoms occurs in the first 5 years of life (isosexual pseudoprecocity) (Kim et al. 1985). LCTs may be seen at any age in the adult life with asymptomatic testicular mass, but they may present with gynaecomastia and with the Cushing syndrome. Increased serum levels of testosterone and androstenedione are commonly seen. Bilaterality is an unusual presentation, found in 3% of cases. A minority of tumors occur with metastases in the setting of rare cases of malignant LCT (Suardi et al. 2009). In a few cases, LCT was found to be associated with Klinefelter syndrome (Sogge et al. 1979).
References and Further Reading
- Suardi, N., Strada, E., Colombo, R., Freschi, M., Salonia, A., Lania, C., Cestari, A., Carmignani, L., Guazzoni, G., Rigatti, P., & Montorsi, F. (2009). Leydig cell tumour of the testis: Presentation, therapy, long-term follow-up and the role of organ-sparing surgery in a single-institution experience. BJU International, 103(2), 197–200.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Ulbright, T. M., Srigley, J. R., Hatzianastassiou, D. K., & Young, R. H. (2002). Leydig cell tumors of the testis with unusual features: Adipose differentiation, calcification with ossification, and spindle-shaped tumor cells. American Journal of Surgical Pathology, 26(11), 1424–1433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar