Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2020 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Prejudice in Psychology and Religion

  • Dianne DenticeEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24348-7_521

“You will not be punished for your anger; you will be punished by your anger.”

- Buddha

Individual prejudice is often rooted in culturally based ethnocentrism. Humans may also explain behavior through a lens of group interest and collective bias aimed at race, gender presentation, and religion, among other things. Psychoanalytically oriented investigations of relationships between culture and personality began in earnest during the period between the two World Wars with the work of Lasswell (1930), Fromm (1941), Maslow (1943), Sartre (1948/1976), and Reich (1946). In an attempt to go even deeper by fusing the theoretical orientation of psychoanalysis and clinical psychology methodologies, Adorno et al. (1950) suggested that authoritarian personalities collectively exploit the weak while simultaneously submitting to their superiors, exemplified by Nazi behavior during Hitler’s Third Reich. This led to a fallacious assumption by the authors that: (1) prejudiced people are authoritarian...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Adorno, T., Frenkel-Brunswik, E., Levinson, D. J., & Sanford, R. N. (1950). The authoritarian personality. New York: Harper & Brothers.Google Scholar
  2. Akhilananda, S. (1948/1960). Hindu psychology. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul LTD..Google Scholar
  3. Allport, G. (1948/1960). Introduction. In Hindu Psychology (ix). London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  4. American Renaissance Staff. (2016). Interview with a Pioneer. Resource document. American Renaissance. https://www.amren.com/features/2016/02/interview-with-a-pioneer/. Accessed 10 May 2018.
  5. DeLoria, V. (2003). God is red: A native view of religion. Golden: Fulcrum Press.Google Scholar
  6. Douthat, R. (2012). Bad religion: How we became a nation of heretics. New York: Free Press.Google Scholar
  7. Fromm, E. (1941). Escape from freedom. New York: Farrar & Rinehart.Google Scholar
  8. Gayman, D. (1985/1995). Do all races share in salvation? Harrison/Arkansas: Kingdom Identity Ministries.Google Scholar
  9. Goren, A. (1980). Jews. In S. Thernstrom, A. Orlov, & O. Handlin (Eds.), Harvard encyclopedia of American ethnic groups (pp. 571–598). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Horsman, R. (2008/2011). Josiah C. Nott. Resource Document. Encyclopedia of Alabama. http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/article/h-1484. Accessed 15 May 2018.
  11. Irwing, P. & Lynn, Richard. (2005). Sex differences in means and variability on the progressive matrices in university students: A meta-analysis. British Journal of Psychology, 96, 505–524.Google Scholar
  12. Lasswell, H. D. (1930). Psychopathology and politics. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  13. Lynn, R. (1994). Sex differences in brain size and intelligence: A paradox resolved. Personality and Individual Differences, 17, 257–271.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lynn, R., & Vanhanen, T. (2006). IQ and global inequality. Augusta: Washington Summit Publishers.Google Scholar
  15. Mange, C. L. (1998). The two seeds of genesis 3:15. Harrison: Kingdom Identity Ministries.Google Scholar
  16. Maslow, A. H. (1943). The authoritarian character structure. Journal of Social Psychology, 18, 401–411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Pettigrew, T. (1958). Personality and sociocultural factors in intergroup attitudes: A cross-national comparison. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 2, 29–42.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Reich, W. (1946). The mass psychology of fascism. New York: Orgone Institute Press.Google Scholar
  19. Rokeach, M. (1960). The open and closed mind. New York: Basic Books.Google Scholar
  20. Rushton, J. P. (2006). IQ and global inequality: Review. Personality and Individual Differences, 41, 983–985.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Sarte, J.-P. (1948/1976). Anti-Semite and the Jew. New York: Schocken Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Stephen F. Austin State UniversityNacogdochesUSA