Encyclopedia of Psychology and Religion

2020 Edition
| Editors: David A. Leeming

Baum, Gregory

  • Daniel BurstonEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-24348-7_200176

Gregory (Gerhard) Albert Baum, an eminent Canadian (Catholic) theologian, was born in Berlin in 1923. His father, a military engineer, died when Gerhard was 1 year old. His parents were listed as “religionless” on official government documents, and he received a humanistic education in which the student is urged to strive for Humanität, or universal humanity. Nevertheless, as he later discovered, his grandparents on (his mother’s side) were Jewish, and as a result of Nazi racial laws, he and his sister fled Germany in 1939. Gerhard – or Gerd, as he was known to friends and family – arrived in England, where he briefly worked on a farm, and started to read the Bible. In 1940, he was placed in an internment camp where he encountered all kinds of German refugees – Jewish, Christian, liberal, socialist, anarchist, communist – and was shipped to Trois-Rivières, in Québec.

After a year of internment, with the help of a generous sponsor, Emma Kaufman of Kitchener, Ontario, in 1942, Gerd...

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyDuquesne UniversityPittsburghUSA