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Space Weather: The Impact on Security and Defense

  • J. Janssens
  • D. BerghmansEmail author
  • P. Vanlommel
  • J. Andries
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Space weather refers to variations induced by the Sun of the Earth’s space environment and the impact that these variations can have on technological systems and human health. During space weather events, technology, such as radio communication and GNSS positioning, can be seriously affected. Space weather can cause the loss of satellites, increase radiation levels at aeronautical flight levels and on the ground, and has the potential to catastrophically damage power grids. We review the space weather cause-effect chains from the source to the affected technologies with special attention to the impact on security and defense.

Notes

Acknowledgments

The contribution by Capt d’Avi Damien Lebrun (Meteo Wing, Be) to section 4.3 is much appreciated.

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Further Reading

  1. Large Solar Event Detected During Irma. NCEI/NOAA, 14 September 2017. https://www.ncei.noaa.gov/news/large-solar-event-detected-during-irma
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  3. Odenwald S (2015) Solar storms: 2000 years of human calamity. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. ISBN-10: 1505941466Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Janssens
    • 1
  • D. Berghmans
    • 1
    Email author
  • P. Vanlommel
    • 1
  • J. Andries
    • 1
  1. 1.STCE-SIDC, Royal Observatory of BelgiumBrusselsBelgium

Section editors and affiliations

  • Maarten Adriaensen
    • 1
  1. 1.European Space AgencyParisFrance

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