Advertisement

Views on Space Security in the United Nations

  • Massimo PellegrinoEmail author
Living reference work entry
  • 12 Downloads

Abstract

As a forum for discussing international approaches to global challenges, the United Nations (UN) attaches great importance to space security. While no single venue addresses all aspects of space security, multiple UN bodies have become essential multilateral fora for discussing these issues. Against this backdrop, this chapter offers a definition of space security that reflects the different connotations with which this term is used within various UN entities. It then reviews and analyzes the role that relevant UN bodies and fora play in the international discourse on space security, with particular regard to the work being made within both international security (UNGA 1st Committee, CD, UNDC, UNODA, UNIDIR) and space (UNGA 4th Committee, COPUOS, UNOOSA) settings of the UN. The chapter concludes that the diverse initiatives discussed within the different UN entities indicate the increasing pressures facing the international community in addressing all aspects of space security; that substantial differences still exist among states over priorities, methodologies, mechanisms, and settings to tackle key space security challenges; and that the existence of political will that accommodates, rather than eliminates, these differences can prove effective in finding common ground for shared action.

References

  1. Antoni N (2019) Defining space security in search of strategic stability. In: Schrogl K et al (eds) Handbook of space security: policies, applications and programs, 2nd edn. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Brachet G (2012) The origins of the “Long-term Sustainability of Outer Space Activities” initiative at UN COPUOS. Space Policy 28:161–165. https://www.academia.edu/20607722/The_origins_of_the_Long_Term_Sustainability_of_Space_Activities_inititaive_at_UNCOPUOS. Accessed 31 Aug 2019CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brachet G (2016) The security of space activities. Non-proliferation papers, no. 51, EU Non-Proliferation Consortium. https://www.nonproliferation.eu//wp-content/uploads/2018/09/the-security-of-space-activities-52.pdf. Accessed 31 Aug 2019
  4. Hitchens T (2015) Space security-relevant international organizations: UN, ITU, and ISO. In: Schrogl K et al (eds) Handbook of space security: policies, applications and programs, 1st edn. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  5. Jacobson H, Stein E (1966) Diplomats, scientists, and politicians: the United States and the nuclear test ban negotiations. The University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor. https://repository.law.umich.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1014&context=michigan_legal_studies. Accessed 31 Aug 2019
  6. Keusen T (2017) Safety, security and sustainability of outer space activities: UNOOSA and TCBMs looking forward. Presentation at the 2017 UNIDIR space security conference, Geneva, 20–21 April 2017. http://www.unidir.ch/files/conferences/pdfs/safety-security-and-sustainability-of-outer-space-activities-unoosa-and-tcbms-looking-forward-en-1-1244.pdf. Accessed 31 Aug 2019
  7. Martinez P (2015) Space sustainability. In: Schrogl K et al (eds) Handbook of space security: policies, applications and programs, 1st edn. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  8. Martinez P (2018) First fruits of the long-term sustainability discussions in UN COPUOS. Paper presented at the 69th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), IAC-18-E3.4.1, Bremen, 1–5 Oct 2018Google Scholar
  9. Meyer P (2011) The CD and PAROS: a short history. United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research, Geneva. http://www.unidir.org/files/publications/pdfs/the-conference-on-disarmament-and-the-prevention-of-an-arms-race-in-outer-space-370.pdf. Accessed 31 Aug 2019
  10. Meyer P (2018) Diplomacy: the missing ingredient in space security. Simons papers in security and development, no. 67/2018, School for International Studies, Simon Fraser University, Vancouver. http://summit.sfu.ca/system/files/iritems1/18290/SimonsWorkingPaper67.pdf. Accessed 31 Aug 2019
  11. Moltz J (2014) Crowded orbits: conflict and cooperation in space. Columbia University Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Patriota G (2019) Interim Report by the Chair of the Group of Governmental Experts on Further Practical Measures for the Prevention of an Arms Race in Outer Space. https://s3.amazonaws.com/unoda-web/wp-content/uploads/2019/02/oral-report-chair-gge-paros-2019-01-31.pdf. Accessed 31 August 2019
  13. Pellegrino M (2017) UNIDIR space security conference report 2017. United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research, Geneva. http://unidir.org/files/publications/pdfs/unidir-space-security-2017-en-685.pdf. Accessed 31 Aug 2019
  14. Pellegrino M, Stang G (2016) Space security for Europe. European Union Institute for Security Studies, Paris. https://www.iss.europa.eu/sites/default/files/EUISSFiles/Report_29_0.pdf. Accessed 31 Aug 2019
  15. Pellegrino M et al (2016) Security in space: challenges to international cooperation and options for moving forward. Paper presented at the 67th International Astronautical Congress (IAC), IAC-16-E3,4,12,x35460, Guadalajara, 26–30 September 2016. https://swfound.org/media/205876/manuscript-security-in-space-iac-2016.pdf. Accessed 31 Aug 2019
  16. Rajagopalan RP (2017) Space security, deterrence and strategic stability. Presentation at the 2017 UNIDIR Space Security Conference, Geneva, 20–21 April 2017. http://www.unidir.ch/files/conferences/pdfs/space-security-deterrence-and-strategic-stability-en-1-1224.pdf. Accessed 31 Aug 2019
  17. Sheehan M (2015) Defining space security. In: Schrogl K et al (eds) Handbook of space security: policies, applications and programs, 1st edn. Springer, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  18. United States Department of Defense (2019) Missile Defense Review. The United States Department of Defense, Washington, DC. https://media.defense.gov/2019/Jan/17/2002080666/-1/-1/1/2019-MISSILE-DEFENSE-REVIEW.PDF. Accessed 31 August 2019
  19. United States Department of State (1958) The Department of State bulletin, Vol. XXXVIII (No. 970, 27 January 1958, pp. 122–127) and Vol. XXXVIII (No. 976, 10 March 1958, pp. 376–380), US Government Printing Office, Washington, DC. https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/000598610. Accessed 31 August 2019
  20. UNOOSA (2010) Space Debris Mitigation Guidelines of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space. United Nations, Vienna. https://www.unoosa.org/pdf/publications/st_space_49E.pdf. Accessed 31 August 2019
  21. UNOOSA (2017) Joint panel discussion of the First and Fourth Committees on possible challenges to space security and sustainability. https://www.unoosa.org/documents/pdf/gajointpanel/Co-Chair_Summary_C1-C4_Joint_Panel_Discussion_Final_2.pdf. Accessed 31 August 2019
  22. Weeden B, Samson V (eds) (2019) Global counterspace capabilities: an open source assessment. The Secure World Foundation, Washington, DC. https://swfound.org/media/206408/swf_global_counterspace_april2019_web.pdf. Accessed 31 Aug 2019

Further Readings

  1. Brachet G (2007) Collective security in space: a key factor for sustainable long-term use of space. In: Logsdon J et al (eds) Collective security in space: European perspectives. Space Policy Institute, Elliott School of International Affairs, The George Washington University, Washington, DCGoogle Scholar
  2. Hersch M, Steer C (eds) (2020) War and Peace in Outer Space: Ethics, Law and Policy. Oxford University Press, Oxford. (in progress)Google Scholar
  3. Rajagopalan RP (2018) Space governance. Oxford research encyclopedia of planetary science.  https://doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780190647926.013.107. Accessed 31 Aug 2019

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.ViennaAustria

Section editors and affiliations

  • Christina Giannopapa
    • 1
  1. 1.European Space AgencyParisFrance

Personalised recommendations