# Learning Environments in Mathematics Education

**DOI:**https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-15789-0_88

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## Computer Scaffolded Learning

Scaffolding refers to adults helping a child in a process of tutorial interactions (Wood et al. 1976). The original definition can be generalized as capable people helping a novice, for instance, parents, tutors, or capable peers. However, when the novice who is scaffolded becomes capable, the scaffolds should fade in order to pass control back to the student.

In terms of Vygotsky’s theory (1978), capable people as a form of scaffolding can help students to develop their potentials that they cannot reach alone, which is well known as the zone of proximal development. In other words, although low-ability students lack enough prior knowledge, they can complete a task if supported appropriately. Furthermore, Bloom (1984) found that if students were taught one-to-one by a human tutor, they could perform two standard deviations better than those taught in a conventional classroom. The finding suggested that capable people could effectively scaffold low-ability...

## Keywords

Scaffolding Computer scaffolded learning Computer-supported collaborative learning Mathematical communication## References

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