Encyclopedia of Mathematics Education

2020 Edition
| Editors: Stephen Lerman

Metacognition

  • Gloria StillmanEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-15789-0_166
  • 2 Downloads

Definition

Any knowledge or cognitive activity that takes as its object, or monitors, or regulates any aspect of cognitive activity; that is, knowledge about, and thinking about, one’s own thinking.

Characteristics

Although the construct, metacognition, is used quite widely and researched in various fields of psychology and education, its history is relatively short beginning with the early work of John Flavell on metamemory in the 1970s. Metamemory was a global concept encompassing a person’s knowledge of “all possible aspects of information storage and retrieval” (Schneider and Artelt 2010). Flavell’s (1979) model of metacognition and cognitive monitoring has underpinned much of the research on metacognition since he first articulated it. It was a revised version of his taxonomy of metamemory that he had developed with Wellman (Flavell and Wellman 1977). According to his model, a person’s ability to control “a wide variety of cognitive enterprises occurs through the actions and...

Keywords

Metamemory Metacognitive knowledge Metacognitive experiences Metacognitive strategies 
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Desoete A, Veenman M (eds) (2006) Metacognition in mathematics education. Nova Science, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  2. Efklides A (2001) Metacognitive experiences in problem solving: metacognition, motivation, and self-regulation. In: Efklides A, Kuhl J, Sorrentino RM (eds) Trends and prospects in motivation research. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 297–323CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Efklides A (2002) The systematic nature of metacognitive experiences: feelings, judgements, and their interrelations. In: Izaute M, Chambres P, Marescaux PJ (eds) Metacognition: process, function, and use. Kluwer, Dordrecht, pp 19–34CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Flavell JH (1976) Metacognitive aspects of problem solving. In: Resnick LB (ed) The nature of intelligence. Hillsdale, Erlbaum, pp 231–235Google Scholar
  5. Flavell JH (1979) Metacognition and cognitive monitoring: a new area of cognitive-developmental inquiry. Am Psychol 34:906–911CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Flavell JH (1981) Cognitive monitoring. In: Dickson W (ed) Children’s oral communication skills. Academic, New York, pp 35–60Google Scholar
  7. Flavell JH, Wellman HM (1977) Metamemory. In: Kail R, Hagen J (eds) Perspectives on the development of memory and cognition. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, pp 3–33Google Scholar
  8. Garofalo J, Lester F (1985) Metacognition, cognitive monitoring and mathematical performance. J Res Math Educ 16(3):163–176CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Lester F, Garofalo J (1982) Mathematical problem solving. The Franklin Institute Press, PhiladelphiaGoogle Scholar
  10. Op ‘t Eynde P, De Corte E, Verschaffel L (2006) Beliefs and metacognition: an analysis of junior-high students’ mathematics-related beliefs. In: Desoete A, Veenman M (eds) Metacognition in mathematics education. Nova Science, New York, pp 83–101Google Scholar
  11. Schneider W, Artelt C (2010) Metacognition and mathematics education. ZDM Int J Math Educ 40(2):149–161CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Schoenfeld A (1983) Episodes and executive decisions in mathematical problem solving. In: Lesh R, Landau M (eds) Acquisition of mathematics concepts and processes. Academic, New York, pp 345–395Google Scholar
  13. Schoenfeld A (1985) Making sense of “outloud” problem solving protocols. J Math Behav 4(2):171–191Google Scholar
  14. Schoenfeld A (1987) What’s the fuss about metacognition? In: Schoenfeld A (ed) Cognitive science and mathematics education. Erlbaum, Hillsdale, pp 189–215Google Scholar
  15. Weinert FE, Kluwe RH (eds) (1987) Metacognition, motivation, and understanding. Hillsdale, ErlbaumGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of EducationAustralian Catholic UniversityBallaratAustralia