# Teacher-Centered Teaching in Mathematics Education

**DOI:**https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-15789-0_150

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## Definition

Teacher-centered teaching is an approach to teaching that places the teacher as the director of learning and is mainly accomplished by lecture, repetitive practice of basic skills, and constructive feedback.

## Intellectual Heteronomy

Many researchers have contended that one of the most important contributions that education can make in individuals’ lives is to their development of autonomy (Piaget 1948/1973). Autonomy is defined as the determination to be self-governing to make rules oneself rather than rely on the rules of others to make one’s decisions (heteronomy). Kamii (1982) suggests that autonomy is the ability to think for oneself and make decisions independently of the promise of rewards or punishments. In relation to education, Richards (1991) distinguishes between two types of traditions in the mathematics education of children, what he terms *school mathematics* and *inquiry mathematics*. School mathematics is what is typically thought of as a teacher-directed...

## Keywords

Intellectual heteronomy Direct instruction Explicit instruction Special education## References

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