Encyclopedia of Mathematics Education

2020 Edition
| Editors: Stephen Lerman

Task-Based Interviews in Mathematics Education

  • Carolyn A. MaherEmail author
  • Robert Sigley
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-15789-0_147


Interviews in which a subject or group of subjects talk while working on a mathematical task or set of tasks.

The Clinical Interview

Task-based interviews have their origin in clinical interviews that date back to the time of Piaget, who is credited with pioneering the clinical interview. In the early 1960s, the clinical interview was used in order to gain a deeper understanding of children’s cognitive development (e.g., Piaget 1965, 1975). Task-based interviews have been used by researchers in qualitative research in mathematics education to gain knowledge about an individual or group of students’ existing and developing mathematical knowledge and problem-solving behaviors.

Task-Based Interview

The task-based interview, a particular form of clinical interview, is designed so that interviewees interact not only with the interviewer and sometimes a small group but also with a task environment that is carefully designed for purposes of the interview (Goldin 2000). Hence, a...


Clinical interview Teaching experiment Problem solving Task design 
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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Robert B. Davis Institute for Learning, Graduate School of EducationRutgers – The State University of New JerseyNew BrunswickUSA
  2. 2.Rutgers – The State University of New JerseyNew BrunswickUSA