Single-Sex Mathematics Classrooms
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In recent years it has become popular to replace the word “sex” in single-sex classrooms and single-sex schools with the word “gender.” This substitution warrants some attention for “(p)recision is essential in scientific writing” (American Psychological Association [APA] 2010, p. 71).
The APA (2010) advocates the use of the term “Gender …when referring to women and men as social groups. Sex is biological; use it when the biological distinction is predominant” (p. 71). A similar distinction is made by the World Health Organization (WHO) (2012): “‘Sex’ refers to the biological and physiological characteristics that define men and women. ‘Gender’ … to the socially constructed roles, behaviours, activities, and attributes that a given society considers appropriate for men and women.” Given that the division of students into same-sex classrooms is invariably based on biological characteristics, it is appropriate to retain the term sex in the heading of this contribution....
KeywordsSingle-sex classroom Single-sex school Single-gender classroom Single-gender school
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