Aerobic Hydrocarbon-Degrading Bacteroidetes
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Bacteroidetes (Bacteroidaeota) is composed of six classes and is widely distributed in natural environments. The contribution of this phylum to hydrocarbon degradation in the Gulf of Mexico during the Deepwater Horizon oil spill was estimated by DNA stable-isotope probing (SIP) and metagenomic analysis. An approximation across different studies suggests that about 3% of hydrocarbon-degrading bacteria were from the phylum Bacteroidetes. The number of isolates from the Bacteroidetes that can degrade hydrocarbons has been increasingly reported during the last decade. In this chapter, the characteristics of Arenibacter algicola, Bergeyella sp. RR7, Carboxylicivirga flava, Chryseobacterium hungaricum, Echinicola sp. SWSAL15, Mesoflavibacter sp. ITB11, Myroides pelagicus, Olivibacter oleidegradans, Olleya sp. ITB9, Parapedobacter pyrenivorans, Pedobacter cryoconitis, Yeosuana aromativorans, and an unidentified Flavobacterium sp. are described.
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