Peace Formation in Bougainville

  • Volker BoegeEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11795-5_71-1

Definition

Peace formation on the Pacific island of Bougainville after a protracted internal violent conflict has been a remarkable success story. In this entry it will be argued that this success is due to constructive interactions between international and national formal institutions and actors on the one hand and local informal institutions and actors from the sphere of civil society and customary governance on the other. While the first pursue a conventional liberal agenda of peacebuilding, the latter introduce their indigenous ways of conflict transformation, peace formation, and forming political community into the process. Externally driven peacebuilding is thus only one aspect of much broader and deeper peace formation. In the course of local-liberal interaction, hybrid forms of peace emerge that differ considerably from Western concepts of peace but at the same time can become more efficient and legitimate in maintaining peace and order. After two decades of peace formation,...

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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Jasmin Ramovic
  • Liridona Veliu
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Law and GovernmentDublin City UniversityDublinIreland