The Palgrave Encyclopedia of Peace and Conflict Studies

Living Edition
| Editors: Oliver Richmond (Editor-in-Chief), Gëzim Visoka (Editor-in-Chief)

Art and Reconciliation

Living reference work entry



Art and reconciliationis an emerging area of scholarship and practice that explores the potential of art in transitional justice, specifically to foster one of its core goals: reconciliation. Art encompasses a wide range of practices, from large public art initiatives to very small-scale participatory workshops, and involves diverse art forms, including fine art, photography, film, theatre, dance, music, embodied practice, and traditional crafts. Reconciliation is more difficult to define but is usually conceptualized as a process of coming to terms, which can occur at a variety of different levels – with oneself and one’s own experience, with other individuals, within a community, society or state, or inter-state. The relationship between art and...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Bloomfield, D., Barnes, T., & Huyse, L. (2003). Reconciliation after violent conflict: A handbook. International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance: Stockholm.Google Scholar
  2. Cohen, C. (2005). Creative approaches to reconciliation. In M. Fitzduff & C. E. Stout (Eds.), The psychology of resolving global conflicts: From war to peace. Westport: Greenwood. Accessed 15 Nov 2019.Google Scholar
  3. Cole, C. (2014). At the convergence of transitional justice and art. International Journal of Transitional Justice, 8, 314–322.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Daly, E., & Sarkin, J. (2007). Reconciliation in divided societies: Finding common ground. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. De Greiff, P. (2014). On making the invisible visible: The role of cultural interventions in transitional justice processes. In C. Ramirez-Barat (Ed.), Transitional justice, culture and society: Beyond outreach (pp. 11–26). New York: Social Science Research Council.Google Scholar
  6. Dewar, J., Gaertner, D., Gota, A., Mathur, A., & McCall, S. (2013). Practicing reconciliation: A collaborative study of aboriginal art, resistance and cultural politics. Kamloops: CiCAC Press and Shingwauk Residential Schools Centre.Google Scholar
  7. Edkins, J. (2003). Trauma and the memory of politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Fairey, T. (2017). The arts in peacebuilding: Mapping practice. Art and reconciliation working paper. Accessed 15 Nov 2019.
  9. Fairey, T. (2018). Participatory arts and peace-building: Embodying and challenging reconciliation. In I. Sertić (Ed.), Participatory arts for invisible communities (pp. 204–211). Zagreb: Omnimedia. Accessed 15 Nov 2019.Google Scholar
  10. Frayling, N. (2009). Toward the healing of history: An explanation of the relationship between pardon and peace. In J. R. Quinn (Ed.), Reconciliation(s): Transitional justice in postconflict societies. Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Garnsey, E. (2019). The justice of visual art: Creative state-building in times of political transition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hamber, B., & Kelly, G. (2009). Beyond coexistence: Towards a working definition of reconciliation. In J. R. Quinn (Ed.), Reconciliation(s): Transitional justice in postconflict societies. Montreal: McGill-Queens University Press.Google Scholar
  13. Kerr, R. (2017). The “Art” of reconciliation. FICHL policy brief series 78. Accessed 15 Nov 2019.
  14. Kurze, A., & Lamont, C. K. (Eds.). (2019). New critical spaces in transitional justice. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.Google Scholar
  15. Lederach, J. P. (1997). Bulding peace: Sustainable reconciliaiton in divided societies. Washington, DC: United States Institute for Peace.Google Scholar
  16. Lederach, J. P. (2005). The moral imagination: The art and soul of building peace. Oxford: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Longe, W., & Brecke, P. (2003). War and reconciliation: Reason and emotion in conflict resolution. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.Google Scholar
  18. Naidu-Silverman, E. (2015). The contribution of art and culture in peace and reconciliation processes in Asia – A literature review and case studies from Pakistan, Nepal, Myanmar, Indonesia, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh. CKU Occasional Paper. Copenhagen: Denmark. Accessed 15 Nov 2019.
  19. Rush, P. D., & Simic, O. (Eds.). (2014). The arts of transitional justice: Culture, activism, and memory after atrocity. New York: Springer.Google Scholar
  20. Simic, O. (2017). Arts and transitional justice. In O. Simic (Ed.), An introduction to transitional justice (pp. 223–248). London: Routledge.Google Scholar

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of War StudiesKing’s College LondonLondonUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Johanna Mannergren Selimovic
    • 1
  1. 1.The Swedish Institute of International AffairsStockholmSweden