Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Sustainability Balance

  • Oanh Thi-Kieu HoEmail author
  • Usha Iyer-Raniga
  • James P. C. Wong
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_64


For many years, the construction industry has increasingly been concerned about environmental impact, usually expressed as greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, resource consumption, and waste generation. This industry consumes more than 40% of the world’s resources, requires 40% of global energy, emits 30% of GHG emissions, and uses 25% of the global water supply (UNEP 2016). To reduce these problems, sustainability goals have been incorporated into the construction industry globally.

Apart from the building and construction industry, the office buildings sector has a significant impact on the environment. It should take responsibility for its energy consumption, waste generation, greenhouse gas emissions, natural resources depletion during project lifecycle from initial stage to demolition stage (Ortiz et al. 2009). Regarding the United States (USA), buildings alone consume 39% of energy use, 72% of electricity resources, emit 39% of carbon dioxide, and consume 13.6% of...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oanh Thi-Kieu Ho
    • 1
    Email author
  • Usha Iyer-Raniga
    • 1
  • James P. C. Wong
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Property, Construction and Project ManagementRMIT UniversityMelbourneAustralia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Mark C. Mifsud
    • 1
  1. 1.University of MaltaMsidaMalta