Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Sustainability Indicators

  • Carolina Shizue Hoshino NetaEmail author
  • Sônia Regina da Cal Seixas
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_527


Sustainable development is a concept defined in the Brundtland report as a development that pays attention to the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs (World Commission on Environment and Development 1987). Since it established, became common in scientific and political contexts, the development of guidelines, frameworks, and tools to assess the sustainability of technologies, processes, and systems (Rösch et al. 2017; Mukherjee 2017). To Sikdar (2012), if we can define what is sustainable, it must be possible to describe the characteristics (e.g., indicators) of a dynamic system that remains the same through the variations of the attributes that define (system variables).

In an analysis that considers the three traditional dimensions – environment, society, and economy – it is useful to be able to compare sustainability between types of products or services, as well as for managers of urban and...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolina Shizue Hoshino Neta
    • 1
    Email author
  • Sônia Regina da Cal Seixas
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Energy, Faculty of Mechanical EngineeringUniversity of Campinas – UNICAMPSão PauloBrazil
  2. 2.Center for Environmental Studies and Research, NEPAMState University of Campinas, UNICAMP, CampinasSão PauloBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ulisses Azeiteiro
    • 1
  1. 1.University of AveiroAveiroPortugal