Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Norms and Values for Sustainable Development

  • Gabriela L. SchmitzEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_410


Environmental problems are related to the development of the humankind society. Along with its history, humans have utilized the natural resources to develop tools and technologies and improve their quality of life. However, with the exponential population growth, the need for the exploitation of the natural resources also increased on an unprecedented scale (Schmitz and Rocha 2018). The humans’ actions affected the environment and harmed it at several levels, promoting its degradation. In this way, considering that the natural resources do not regenerate that fast as they are consumed and the future of the humankind, the World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) (1987) proposed a new concept of development, i.e., a sustainable development. This development encompasses economic, social, and ecological perspectives of conservation and change for society. In accordance with the WCED, sustainable development is generally defined as a “development that meets the...

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I would like to acknowledge the Universidade Federal de Santa Maria and the funding agencies CNPq, Capes, Finep, and FAPERGS.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Programa de Pós-graduação em Educação em Ciências: Química da Vida e SaúdeUniversidade Federal de Santa MariaSanta MariaBrazil

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ingrid Molderez
    • 1
  1. 1.KU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium