Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Sustainable Development Goals

  • Arminda PaçoEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_325

Introduction

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), considered a universal set of goals, targets, and indicators, primarily aim at ending poverty in all its forms by 2030 (UN 2015). According to Sachs (2012), these SDGs are based on the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), already launched in 2001 and that expired in 2015. These were (1) eradicating extreme poverty and hunger; (2) achieving universal primary education; (3) promoting gender equality and empowering women; (4) reducing child mortality rates; (5) improving maternal health; (6) combating HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases; (7) ensuring environmental sustainability; and (8) developing a global partnership for development (UN 2000). The deadline for achieving these goals was set out in the declaration as the year 2015, but, in June 2012 at the UN Conference in Rio de Janeiro (Rio+20), additional targets and tasks related were specified for each goal (Wysokińska 2017).

These MDGs have encountered several...
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Management and Economics, NECEUniversity of Beira InteriorCovilhãPortugal

Section editors and affiliations

  • Patrizia Lombardi
    • 1
  1. 1.Politecnico di TorinoTurinItaly