Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Investor Activism Towards Sustainability

  • Yang ZhaoEmail author
  • Junlong Mi
  • Jingyan Fu
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_287


Combined with existing research, investor activism can be considered as investors through positive action and taking appropriate measures to intervene in corporate affairs, usually referring to an active state. Stephen (2005) defines investor activism as investors’ monitoring and intervening corporate policies and practices. Investor activism can be divided into two categories, namely, individual investor activism and institutional investor activism. Individual investor activism is based on the individual level, while institutional investor activism refers to investor activism based on funds companies, insurance companies, and trust companies. The institution refers to institutional investors. Therefore, institutional investor activism is also known as institutional investor activism. Similarly, investor activism for sustainability refers to the investor through positive and active behavior to promote enterprises to perform better in social responsibility and to achieve...


Investor activism Corporate social responsibility Investment behavior Investors’ rights 
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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center of Low Carbon Economy for Guangzhou Region, Management SchoolJinan UniversityGuangzhouChina

Section editors and affiliations

  • Madhavi Venkatesan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA