Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Environmental Justice and Sustainable Development

  • B. GebeyehuEmail author
  • B. Adugna
  • T. Gammie
  • Belay Simane
  • Abate Mekuriaw
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_277

Definition

Environmental justice refers to an attempt to achieve environmental equity for all groups within society through fair treatment and substantial involvement of people regardless of their racial and socioeconomic background in the development, implementation, and enforcement of environmental laws, regulations, and policies (EPA 1998; Newton 2009).

Introduction

The term environmental justice, as a legal parlance, calls attention to the disproportionate sharing of environmental benefits and burdens between different categories of societies (Kameri-Mbote and Cullet 1996) and has emerged following environmental movement which aims at protection and conservation of the natural environment in the face of alarming industrial pollution and destruction of the forest resources in many regions of the world. According to Wayne et al. (2010), the concept of “environmental justice” gained prominence in the United States with the publication of studies by the General Accounting Office in...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • B. Gebeyehu
    • 1
    Email author
  • B. Adugna
    • 2
  • T. Gammie
    • 3
  • Belay Simane
    • 4
  • Abate Mekuriaw
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Rural Development and Agricultural ExtensionWolaita Sodo UniversityWolaita SodoEthiopia
  2. 2.Department of Geography and Environmental StudiesWollo UniversityDessieEthiopia
  3. 3.Department of Rural Development and Agricultural ExtensionAmbo UniversityAmboEthiopia
  4. 4.College of Development StudiesAddis Ababa UniversityAddis AbabaEthiopia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Madhavi Venkatesan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA