Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Carbon Neutrality and Sustainable Development

  • Skaidrė ŽičkienėEmail author
  • Zita Tamašauskienė
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_266


Carbon neutral means, that processes or products do not cause any carbon dioxide emissions to the atmosphere or carbon dioxide emissions are compensated. Carbon neutral economy is understood as such where the net greenhouse gas emissions into the biosphere associated with economic activities are zero. The definition of low-carbon economy is similar, but with wider limits as it is defined as economy grounded on low-carbon power sources that have minimal output of greenhouse gas, giving the accent to carbon dioxide emissions.


Global warming caused by greenhouse gas emissions is changing our planet and posing devastating consequences for the Earth. Global warming changes the climate and has far-reaching, long-lasting consequences. Already now we are facing changes: glaciers are melting and sea levels are rising, extreme weather events become more frequent, lakes turn to be warmer, plants change vegetation zones, animals’ migration patterns, etc. Warming is caused...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Business and Public ManagementSiauliai UniversitySiauliaiLithuania
  2. 2.Department of EconomicsSiauliai UniversitySiauliaiLithuania
  3. 3.Regional Development InstituteSiauliai UniversitySiauliaiLithuania

Section editors and affiliations

  • Madhavi Venkatesan
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of EconomicsNortheastern UniversityBostonUSA