Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Cleaner Production and Sustainable Development

  • Karin TschiggerlEmail author
  • Milan Topic
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_258


Cleaner Production can be defined as an integrated, preventive environmental strategy towards processes, products, and services. The overall aim of the approach is to increase the efficiency and to reduce the damage and risks for humans and the environment (UNEP 1990).


One of the major recognized challenges facing our world is the one of sustainable development. It becomes obvious that the challenge is not being met (Ballard 2005) as too many sustainability related problems are still unsolved and negative impacts keep increasing (Baumgartner 2011). A key driver for growing numbers in resource use and environmental degradation can be seen in current production and consumption patterns.

Industrialized countries used different strategies to respond to environmental challenges over the last decades, which can be related to maturity levels: from passive attitudes to reactive over constructive to proactive environmental strategies (IVAM 2008). Applying specific...

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Montanuniversitaet LeobenLeobenAustria

Section editors and affiliations

  • Luis Velazquez
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SonoraSonoraMexico