Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Critical Thinking Methods for Sustainable Development

  • Eleonora ConcinaEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_205

Synonyms

Definition

Critical thinking is a high-level cognitive process. It includes several skills needed for evaluating and understanding specific events and conditions, defining goals and effectively planning actions for reaching them.

Introduction

Critical thinking is, nowadays, an essential cognitive competence, cause to the current historical period, particularly characterized by complexity. Not only, indeed, current social, economic, cultural, and political issues are due to multidimensional events and interrelated causes, but people are overwhelmed by a huge amount of contrasting pieces of information, perspectives, beliefs, and approaches to reality. In this condition, learn to reflect critically, analyzing the events from different perspectives and considering all the elements that can be involved in, striving to reach a specific relevant goal, becomes essential for pursuing the...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bailin S, Case R, Coombs JR, Daniels B (1999) Conceptualizing critical thinking. J Curric Stud 31(3):285–302CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baker K (2013) Information literacy and cultural heritage, 1st edn. Chandos Publishing, Oxford, UKCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Behar-Horenstein LS, Niu L (2015) Teaching critical thinking skills in higher education: a review of the literature. J Coll Teach Learn 8(2):25–42CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Davies M (2015) A model of critical thinking in higher education. In: Paulsen MB (ed) Higher education: handbook of theory and research. Springer International Publishing, Switzerland, pp 41–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ennis RH (1985) A logical basis for measuring critical thinking skills. Educ Leadersh 43(2):44–48Google Scholar
  6. Ennis RH (1989) Critical thinking and subject specificity: clarification and needed research. Educ Res 18(3):4–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Facione PA, Facione NC, Giancarlo CA (2000) The disposition towards critical thinking: its character, measurement, and relationship to critical thinking skills. Informal Log 20(1):61–84Google Scholar
  8. Fisher A (2011) Critical thinking: an introduction. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UKGoogle Scholar
  9. Gokhale AA (1995) Collaborative learning enhances critical thinking. J Technol Educ 7(1):22–30CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Halpern DF (2014) Thought and knowledge: an introduction to critical thinking, 5th edn. Psychology Press, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  11. Johnson RT, Johnson DW (1988) Cooperative learning: two heads learn better than one. Transforming Education: In Context #18, 4, 34Google Scholar
  12. Kaye AR (1992) Learning together apart. In: Kaye AR (ed) Collaborative learning through computer conferencing. Springer, Berlin/HeidelbergCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Kearins K, Springett D (2003) Educating for sustainability: developing critical skills. J Manag Educ 27(2):188–204CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Lipman M (1987) Critical thinking: what can it be? Anal Teach 8(1):5–12Google Scholar
  15. Magno C (2010) The role of metacognitive skills in developing critical thinking. Metacognition Learn 5:137–156CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Mansoor F, Nima Shakouri M (2012) Critical thinking in higher education: a pedagogical look. Theory Pract Lang Stud 2(7):1370–1375Google Scholar
  17. McDade SA (1995) Case study pedagogy to advance critical thinking. Teach Psychol 22(1):9–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. McInerney MJ, Dee Fink L (2003) Team based learning enhances long-term retention and critical thinking in an undergraduate microbial physiology course. Microbiol Educ 4:3–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mezirow J (1990) Fostering critical reflection in adulthood: a guide to transformative and emancipatory learning. Jossey Bass Publishers, San FranciscoGoogle Scholar
  20. Mezirow J (1996) Contemporary paradigm of learning. Adult Educ Q 46(3):158–173CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Mezirow J (2003) Transformative learning as a discourse. J Transform Educ 1(1):58–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Paul RW (1990) Critical thinking: what every person needs to survive in a rapidly changing world. Foundation for Critical Thinking, Santa RosaGoogle Scholar
  23. Popil I (2011) Promotion of critical thinking by using case studies as teaching method. Nurse Educ Today 31: 204–207CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Quitadamo IJ, Brahler CJ, Crouch GJ (2009) Peer-led team learning: a prospective method for increasing critical thinking in undergraduate science courses. Sci Educ 18(1):29–39Google Scholar
  25. Schmaltz RM, Jansen E, Wenckowski N (2017) Redefining critical thinking: teaching students to think like scientists. Front Psychol 8:article 459.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.00459. Accessed 4 May 2018
  26. Snyder LG, Snyder MJ (2008) Teaching critical thinking and problem solving skills. Delta Pi Epsilon J 8:90–99Google Scholar
  27. Sterling S (2001) Sustainable education. Re-visioning learning and change. Green Books, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  28. Taylor EW (2011) Fostering transformative learning. In Mezirow J, Taylor EW and associates (eds) Transformative learning in practice. Insights from community, workplace and higher education. Wiley, Hoboken, pp 3–17Google Scholar
  29. ten Dam GTM, Volman MLL (2004) Critical thinking as a citizenship competence: teaching strategies. Learn Instr 14(4):359–379CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Thomas I (2009) Critical thinking, transformative learning, sustainable education and problem-based learning in universities. J Transform Educ 7(3):245–264CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Tiwari A, Lai P, So M, Yuen K (2006) A comparison of the effects of problem-based learning and lecturing on the development of students’ critical thinking. Med Educ 40:547–554CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization, UNESCO (2012) Education for sustainable development sourcebook. Learning & training tools N° 4. UNESCO, Paris. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0021/002163/216383e.pdf. Accessed 4 May 2018
  33. Vygotskij LS (1978) Mind in society. The development of higher psychological processes. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MAGoogle Scholar
  34. Wals AE, Jickling B (2002) “Sustainability” in higher education: from doublethink and newspeak to critical thinking and meaningful learning. Int J Sustain High Educ 3(3):221–232CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Philosophy, Sociology, Education and Applied Psychology (FISPPA)University of PadovaPadovaItaly

Section editors and affiliations

  • Ingrid Molderez
    • 1
  1. 1.KU LeuvenLeuvenBelgium