Encyclopedia of Sustainability in Higher Education

2019 Edition
| Editors: Walter Leal Filho

Green Living Guide and Sustainable Development

  • Maria ZyulyaevaEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-11352-0_133



The World Commission on Environment and Development (WCED) defines sustainable development as a process that “meets present needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs” (The World Development Commission on Environment and Development 1987). Besides this definition, there are a number of others being proposed, and as a result, an explanation of the meaning of “sustainable development” is an object of confusion (Colby 1991; Redclift 2005; Sneddon et al. 2006; Santillo 2007). However, consensus has been reached, and, according to this consensus, sustainable development rests on three pillars: ecology, society, and economy (Elkington 1997; Stead et al. 2004). Or, according to triple bottom line theory, it concerns people, planet, and profit (Crals and Vereeck 2005). Many academics also consider justice, intergenerational and intra-generational equity, a trade-off between...

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Project ManagementNational Research University Higher School of EconomicsMoscowRussia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Erin Hopkins
    • 1
  1. 1.Virginia TechBlacksburgUSA