(Bio)degradable Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Protection

Living reference work entry


Plastic materials are often used in many aspects of our lives. Currently, most of them do not degrade, causing serious environmental problems. (Bio)degradable polymers, a unique category of materials, can help to solve the growing environmental concern. Environmentally friendly polymer nanocomposites are the next generation of sustainable, recyclable, and eco-friendly materials that combine performance and environmental compatibility. Morphological and structural transformations resulting from the degradation of the material have a significant impact on the properties of the polymer materials used in various applications; therefore it is important to increase the applicability of polymers while minimizing the potential failure caused by degradation during use. Over the last few years, there has been a significant progress in the range of polymer composites both commercially available and under development. Nanotechnology offers new opportunities to improve the performance of polymers, enabling the development of new polymeric materials with improved mechanical, thermal, electrical, and other properties. Using different polymer matrices and nanofillers and/or additives can prepare many different nanocomposites with tailor-made properties.

This review focused on (bio)degradable polymer nanocomposites with approved or potential applications in the fields of environmental protection. It covers a wide range of research on polymer-based nanocomposites, their design, synthesis, characterization, applications, and degradation as well as future trends.


(bio)degradable polymers Bionanocomposites Ecofrindly materials Composting 



This work was supported by the National Science Centre, Poland (NCN SONATA 11 project no. 2016/21/D/ST8/01993, “Multifaceted studies on the (bio)degradability profile of composites of selected biodegradable polymers with natural fillers and bacteriocins”).


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre of Polymer and Carbon Materials Polish Academy of SciencesZabrzePoland
  2. 2.Institute for Engineering of Polymer Materials and Dyes, Paint and Plastics Department in GliwiceGliwicePoland

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