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Polymer Hybrid Nanocomposite Fibres

  • Kamlesh Kumar
  • Vipin Chawla
  • Sunita MishraEmail author
Living reference work entry

Abstract

Advancement in material sciences towards manufacturing facilities, interface engineering technologies, and analytical tools has enabled the researchers to explore the nanomaterials to form variety of polymer and polymer hybrid composites with novel structures and applications. This chapter presents a comprehensive study about polymer and hybrid nanocomposite fibres for academic and industrial research purposes. “Polymer hybrid nanocomposites” are a fascinating class of materials that combine polymers with other materials where one of the phases has nano-dimension to enhance optical, electrical, magnetic, and thermal properties. These materials can be fabricated as gel, particles, film, or fibres. Hybrid nanocomposites have shown a wide range of applications in the area of sensors, display, catalysts, energy storage and generation, filters, and separators.

The chapter begins with an introduction to polymer and polymer hybrid fibres followed by synthesis and characterization of different inorganic or organic material as well as their thermal, optical, electrical, and magnetic properties. It also reviews the preparation routes of polymer hybrid nanocomposite fibres with a detail analysis of physical and chemical properties for various applications such as energy and environment. It also discusses the current challenges in the area with perspectives on the new and futuristic application.

This chapter can provide a platform to the readers to get a better understanding of the basic methods and experimental procedure for synthesis, characterization, and applications of the polymer hybrid nanocomposite fibres.

Keywords

Fibres Polymers Hybrid Composites Nanofibres 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CSIR-Central Scientific Instruments Organisation and Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR)ChandigarhIndia

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