Encyclopedia of Education and Information Technologies

2020 Edition
| Editors: Arthur Tatnall

Educational Resources, Hypermedia

  • G.-L. BaronEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10576-1_33

Synonyms

Hypermedia in a Nutshell: Historical Landmarks

Hypermedia, in short, relates to a new kind of resource that links several kinds of documents (texts, images, sounds), allowing easy nonlinear navigation through the material. But this is only one view of a more complex matter. In what follows, some historical indications shall be given, and then the case of hypermedia for education will be analyzed.

It is generally assumed that the idea of hypertext dates back from Vannevar Bush, at the end of World War II. In his seminal paper (Bush 1945), he presents the new perspectives offered to mankind by technology and imagines a future using the new potentialities of machines for intellectual tasks: computation, manipulation of ideas, selection of the right data, etc. Stressing the fact that the ability of associating is at the core of the human minds, he describes a visionary artifact (the “memex”), using technology known at...

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References

  1. Bruillard E, De La Passardière B (1994) Hypermédias et éducation: des repères. Sci Tech Educ 1(1):17–37. https://edutice.archives-ouvertes.fr/edutice-00109582
  2. Brusilovsky P (1996) Methods and techniques of adaptive hypermedia. User Model User-Adap Inter 6(2–3):87–129zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bush V (1945) As we may think. Atl Mon 176(1):101–108. https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/1945/07/as-we-may-think/303881/
  4. Conklin J (1987) Hypertext: an introduction and survey. Computer 20(9):17–41. http://www.ics.uci.edu/~andre/informatics223s2007/conklin.pdf
  5. Engelbart DC, English WK (1968) A research center for augmenting human intellect. http://www.iicm.tugraz.at/thesis/cguetl_diss/literatur/Kapitel04/References/Engelbart_et_al._1968/ResearchCenter1968.html
  6. Nelson TH (1999) Xanalogical structure, needed now more than ever: parallel documents, deep links to content, deep versioning, and deep re-use. ACM Comput Surv (CSUR) 31(4):33. http://www.signallake.com/innovation/XanalogicalStructure1299.pdf

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.EDA labUniversité de ParisParisFrance

Section editors and affiliations

  • Eric Sanchez
    • 1
  1. 1.CERFUniversity of Fribourg (CH)FribourgSwitzerland