Encyclopedia of Education and Information Technologies

2020 Edition
| Editors: Arthur Tatnall

Algorithmic Thinking in Primary Schools

  • Joanne BlanninEmail author
  • Duncan Symons
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-10576-1_128
  • 2 Downloads
Technological advances have changed the ways we work, learn, and play. For today’s students to take full advantage of the opportunities these technologies afford, a set of ways of thinking, that mirror how computers function, are increasingly pervasive in schools. These include a thinking skill called algorithmic thinking that can be seen to be comprised of four key areas:
  • Design thinking

  • Decomposition

  • Pattern recognition

  • Abstraction

These four skills are used in schools to engage learners in problem-solving, critical thinking, and collaboration. They offer opportunities for learning across the curriculum. Algorithmic thinking activities can be seen in written maths problems, in historical research, in text analysis, and in the evaluation of art products. Current research suggests that engaging students in algorithmic thinking in their early schooling can open doors for them as adults entering the workplace (Deloitte Access Economics 2017).

As technological change continues to...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Australian Curriculum Assessment Reporting Authority (2016) Structure. https://www.australiancurriculum.edu.au/f-10-curriculum/technologies/digital-technologies/structure/. Accessed 6 Mar 2018
  2. Deloitte Access Economics Australia’s Digital Pulse | Deloitte Australia | (2017) Deloitte access economics report, workforce, technology. In: Deloitte Australia. https://www2.deloitte.com/au/en/pages/economics/articles/australias-digital-pulse.html. Accessed 6 Mar 2018
  3. Gas Station Without Pumps (2010) Algorithmic vs. computational thinking. In: Gas station without pumps. https://gasstationwithoutpumps.wordpress.com/2010/08/12/algorithmic-vs-computational-thinking/. Accessed 6 Mar 2018
  4. Government Digital Service, UK (2014) National curriculum – GOV.UK. https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/national-curriculum. Accessed 6 Mar 2018
  5. Gvahim (2017) Tech heights. http://gvahim.org.il/software-engineers-program/. Accessed 6 Mar 2018
  6. Hromkovicˇ J, Kohn T, Komm D, Serafin G (2017) Algorithmic thinking from the start. Eur Assoc Theor Comput Sci 121:132–139Google Scholar
  7. Weber L (2014) One in three U.S. workers is a freelancer. Wall Street Journal. https://blogs.wsj.com/atwork/2014/09/04/one-in-three-u-s-workers-is-a-freelancer/

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Melbourne Graduate School of EducationThe University of MelbourneCarltonAustralia