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Seismic seiche is a term first used by Kvale (1955) to discuss oscillations of lake levels in Norway and England caused by the Assam earthquake of August 15, 1950. This definition has since been generalized to apply to standing waves set up in closed, or partially closed, bodies of water including rivers, shipping channels, lakes, swimming pools, and tanks due to the passage of seismic waves from an earthquake.
The first published mention of seismic seiches is thought to be reports of those observed throughout much of Europe due to the great earthquake at Lisbon, Portugal, in 1755 (Wilson 1953; Richter 1958). In addition to the Lisbon and Assam earthquakes, seismic seiches at teleseismic distances have been observed for many other large earthquakes including the 1964 Alaska (McGarr and Vorhis 1968) and the 2002 Denali, Alaska, an earthquake that caused damaging seiches in Lake Union, Seattle, Washington, at an epicentral distance of 2400 km (Barberopoulou et al. 2004). Most...
- Kvale A (1955) Seismic seiches in Norway and England during the Assam earthquake of August 15, 1950. Bull Seismol Soc Am 45:93–113Google Scholar
- McGarr A, Vorhis RC (1968) Seismic seiches from the March 1964 Alaska earthquake. U.S. Geological Survey professional paper 544E. pp E1–E43Google Scholar
- Richter CF (1958) Elementary seismology. W. H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco, 768 ppGoogle Scholar
- Wilson BW (1953) Coastal seiches, pt. 1 of oscillations of the sea and the phenomenon of range. The Dock and Harbour Authority [London], June, pp 41–45Google Scholar