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Bioactive Compounds of Annona

  • R. Bhardwaj
  • S. PareekEmail author
  • N. A. Sagar
  • N. Vyas
Living reference work entry
Part of the Reference Series in Phytochemistry book series (RSP)

Abstract

Evaluation of phytochemicals from extract of different plant parts has results in the identification of numerous important bioactive constituents in various Annona species. The major phytochemical constituents include acetogenins, alkaloids, essential oils, phenolic compounds, cyclopeptides, amino acids, pigments, and vitamins. These phytochemicals contribute toward several pharmacological activities such as antitumoral, antidiabetic, anxiolytic, analgesic, anti-inflammatory, infectious, and parasitic diseases. The aim of this review is to discuss the major phytochemicals like acetogenins, alkaloids, and essential oils and their pharmacological in various Annona species including A. squamosa, A. reticulata, A. cherimola, A. glabra, A. senegalensis, A. crassiflora, and A. coriacea.

Keywords

Acetogenins Alkaloids Annona Bioactive compounds Essential oils Pharmacological studies Phytochemicals 

List of Abbreviations

ACGs

Acetogenins

ALKs

Alkaloids

CPs

Cyclopeptides

DPPH

1,1-Diphenyl-2-picryhydrazyl

EOs

Essential oils

GABA

gamma-aminobutyric acid

GC-MS

Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

HPLC-MS

High-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry

IC50

Half-maximal inhibitory concentration

LC50

Median lethal dose

NADH

Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide

ORAC

Oxygen radical absorbance

THF

Tetrahydrofuran

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Agriculture and Environmental SciencesNational Institute of Food Technology, Entrepreneurship and Management (NIFTEM)KundliIndia

Section editors and affiliations

  • Hosakatte Niranjana Murthy
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of BotanyKarnatak UniversityDharwadIndia
  2. 2.Research Center for the Development of Advanced Horticultural TechnologyChungbuk National UniversityCheongjuRepublic of Korea

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