Epidemiology of Allergic Diseases

Reference work entry


Allergic diseases are a group of conditions categorized by aberrant IgE-mediated responses following allergen exposure. The prevalence of allergic disease is increasing worldwide. There are many proposed theories as to why the prevalence is increasing with a likely multifactorial etiology. Many allergic diseases including asthma, allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, and atopic dermatitis share similar risk factors. Food allergies appear to have independent risk factors that differ from other allergic diseases. There has been much research completed on the prevalence and other epidemiological factors involved in allergic disease. There is, however, a significant amount of underreported and understudied allergic disease especially in developing nations which make the accuracy of the data from these areas more difficult to interpret.


Epidemiology Prevalence Risk factors Allergic disease 



Allergic conjunctivitis


Atopic dermatitis


Allergic rhinitis


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Adult PulmonaryUniversity Hospitals Cleveland Medical CenterClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Allergy/Immunology Associates, Inc.Mayfield HeightsUSA
  3. 3.Division of Allergy and ImmunologyWVU Medicine Children’sMorgantownUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Massoud Mahmoudi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Allergy/Immunology Associates, Inc.Mayfield HeightsUSA

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