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Epidemiology of Allergic Diseases

  • Rayna J. DollEmail author
  • Nancy I. Joseph
  • David McGarry
  • Devi Jhaveri
  • Theodore Sher
  • Robert Hostoffer
Reference work entry

Abstract

Allergic diseases are a group of conditions categorized by aberrant IgE-mediated responses following allergen exposure. The prevalence of allergic disease is increasing worldwide. There are many proposed theories as to why the prevalence is increasing with a likely multifactorial etiology. Many allergic diseases including asthma, allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, and atopic dermatitis share similar risk factors. Food allergies appear to have independent risk factors that differ from other allergic diseases. There has been much research completed on the prevalence and other epidemiological factors involved in allergic disease. There is, however, a significant amount of underreported and understudied allergic disease especially in developing nations which make the accuracy of the data from these areas more difficult to interpret.

Keywords

Epidemiology Prevalence Risk factors Allergic disease 

Abbreviations

AC

Allergic conjunctivitis

AD

Atopic dermatitis

AR

Allergic rhinitis

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rayna J. Doll
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nancy I. Joseph
    • 1
  • David McGarry
    • 1
  • Devi Jhaveri
    • 1
    • 2
  • Theodore Sher
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Robert Hostoffer
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Adult PulmonaryUniversity Hospitals Cleveland Medical CenterClevelandUSA
  2. 2.Allergy/Immunology Associates, Inc.Mayfield HeightsUSA
  3. 3.Division of Allergy and ImmunologyWVU Medicine Children’sMorgantownUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Massoud Mahmoudi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MedicineUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Allergy/Immunology Associates, Inc.Mayfield HeightsUSA

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