Parkes, Bessie Rayner

  • Janice SchroederEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02721-6_59-1

Definition

Bessie Rayner Parkes (later Belloc) lived an unorthodox life as a working feminist journalist, editor, and social activist whose abiding concern was the condition of women’s everyday lives. Parkes edited and contributed regularly to the first avowedly feminist magazine in England, the English Woman’s Journal, wrote books and pamphlets on women’s education and work, and helped spearhead a campaign for marriage law reform. She was a central organizer of the Langham Place Group, a mid-century feminist pressure group that waged a series of campaigns demanding women’s legal, educational, and economic rights. After her marriage she distanced herself from the feminist movement but remained sympathetic to its goals. She continued to write in a variety of genres, including biography, memoir, poetry, journalism, and travel.

Introduction

Bessie Rayner Parkes (later Belloc) lived an unorthodox life as a working feminist journalist, editor and social activist whose abiding concern was...

Keywords

Activism Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon Biography Editor Education George Eliot Employment English Woman’s Journal Female friendships Feminism France Franco-Prussian War Industrialization Journalism Marriage Memoir Poetry Private letters Roman Catholicism Social class Suffrage Travel Unitarianism Widowhood The woman question Women 
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References

  1. Belloc, Bessie Rayner. 1891. Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon. English Woman’s Review 210: 145–149.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of EnglishCarleton UniversityOttawaCanada

Section editors and affiliations

  • Emily Morris
    • 1
  1. 1.St. Thomas More College, University of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada