Ayrton, Hertha

  • Pam HirschEmail author
Living reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-02721-6_257-1
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Definition

Hertha Ayrton (1854–1923), born Phoebe Sarah Marks, was a distinguished British woman scientist, who, in 1902, was the first woman to be proposed for the fellowship of the Royal Society. Ayrton’s candidature was refused on the grounds of her ineligibility for the fellowship because married women had no legal existence in British law. In 1906 she was awarded the Hughes Medal of the Royal Society for original discovery in the physical sciences, the first woman to receive it for work exclusively her own.

Introduction

Hertha Ayrton (1854–1923), born Phoebe Sarah Marks, was a distinguished British woman scientist, who, in 1902, was the first woman to be proposed for the Fellowship of the Royal Society. Ayrton’s candidature was refused on the grounds of her ineligibility for the Fellowship because married women had no legal existence in British law. In 1906 she was awarded the Hughes Medal of the Royal Society for original discovery in the physical sciences, the first woman to...

Keywords

Barbara Leigh Smith Bodichon Engineering Hertha Ayrton Langham Place Group Physical science Royal Society 
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References

  1. The Drop of Potential at the Carbons of the Electric Arc. 1899. Report of the Sixty-eight meeting of the Bristol Association for the Advancement of Science, Held at Bristol in September, 1898, 805–807. London: John Murray.Google Scholar
  2. Local Differences of Pressure Near an Obstacle in Oscillating Water. 1915. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A 91: 405–510.Google Scholar
  3. The Mechanism of the Electric Arc. 1901–1902. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, Series A 199: 299–336.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of CambridgeCambridgeUK

Section editors and affiliations

  • Emily Morris
    • 1
  1. 1.St. Thomas More CollegeUniversity of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada