Scharlieb, Mary

  • Jessica KirwanEmail author
Living reference work entry


Dame Mary Scharlieb was a woman doctor who began her medical education and career in Madras, India, where her husband worked as a barrister. She became interested in medical jurisprudence and the cases concerning Hindu and Muslim women who did not receive adequate medical care because of the local practice of female seclusion, which prevented male doctors from attending to women. She was one of the first of four women to attend Madras Medical College and earned her Licentiate in Medicine, Surgery, and Midwifery. Scharlieb returned to England in 1878 and attended courses through the London School of Medicine for Women. In 1882, she earned a Bachelor of Medicine and Surgery with second-class honors in Surgery and in 1897 a Master of Surgery. After returning to Madras in 1883, she kept a busy medical practice and worked at the Royal Victoria Hospital for Caste and Gosha Women. She served as a lecturer at the Madras Medical College and an Examiner in Obstetrics and Gynecology at...


Medicine Obstetrics India Education 
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  1. Obituary: Dame Mary Scharlieb, D.B.E., LL.D., M.D., M.S. 1930. British Medical Journal 2 (3647): 935–937.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Scharlieb, Mary. 1895. A woman’s words to women: On the care of their health in England and in India. London: Swan Sonnenschein.Google Scholar
  3. ———. 1902. An analysis of one hundred cases of fibro-myomatauteri with special reference to their degenerations and complications. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the British Empire. 2 (4): 323–340.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. ———. 1912. Womanhood and race-regeneration. New York: Moffat, Yard, and Company.Google Scholar
  5. ———. 1915. The seven ages of woman: A consideration of the successive phases of woman’s life. London: Cassell and Company, LTD.Google Scholar
  6. ———. 1916. The Hope of the future: The management of children in health and disease. London: Chapman & Hall.Google Scholar
  7. ———. 1924. Reminiscences. London: Williams and Norgate.Google Scholar
  8. Scharlieb, Mary, and Barbara Butts. 1917. England’s girls and England’s future. London: The National Council for Combatting Venereal Diseases.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of FloridaGainesvilleUSA

Section editors and affiliations

  • Emily Morris
    • 1
  1. 1.St. Thomas More College, University of SaskatchewanSaskatoonCanada