Advertisement

The Language of a Globalized World: Naming the Present Day and Its Worlds

  • Marcin Wojciech SolarzEmail author
Reference work entry

Abstract

Both as a species and its individual representatives, humankind has always been confronted with time and space, in the face of which it is, truth be told, powerless. But homo sapiens is also a categorizing (homo categoricus) and naming being (homo nominans). By dividing up and naming time and space, humanity attempts to strengthen its position in relation to eternity and infinity, to manifest its autonomy from them. At least in the short term this is a rational strategy, because the distinguishing and naming of phenomena gives at least the illusion of control over them. The first part of this chapter discusses the names by which the present day is frequently designated, as well as proposed new divisions and terms. Designations considered here include: modernity, postmodernity and related terms, the Industrial Age, the Anthropocene, the Smenocene, the Atomic Age, the post-Cold War era, the postwar era, and the Paris international order. The second part of the article focuses on the contemporary language of global development, including the question of the current usefulness of “big” terms such as “Third World,” “developing countries,” “North,” and “South.”

Keywords

Time Space Divisions Names Present day 

References

  1. Bauman, Z. (2004). Ponowoczesność. In B. Szlachta (Ed.), Słownik społeczny (pp. 902–914). Kraków: Wydawnictwo WAM.Google Scholar
  2. Castree, N. (2015). The Anthropocene: A primer for geographers. Geography, 100(2), 66–75.Google Scholar
  3. De Soto H (2003) Bieda może pokochać kapitalizm. Newsweek-Polska, 51–52. Retrieved: 1 Feb 2016, from http://www.newsweek.pl/bieda-moze-pokochac-kapitalizm,21140,1,1.html
  4. Diamond, J. (1999). Guns, germs, and steel: the fates of human societies. London: W.W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
  5. Fernández-Armesto, F. (2002). Civilisations. Culture, ambition and the transformation of nature. New York: Simon & Schuster.Google Scholar
  6. Joint Declaration of the Twenty Two Member States of NATO and the Warsaw Treaty Organization (Wspólna Deklaracja Dwudziestu Dwóch Państw NATO i Organizacji Układu Warszawskiego). (2001). In Z. Leszczyński & A. Koseski (Eds.), Stosunki międzynarodowe 1989–2000. Wybór tekstów źródłowych i materiałów (pp. 45–46). Pułtusk: WSH w Pułtusku.Google Scholar
  7. Kuźniar, R. (2000). Porządek międzynarodowy in transition. In E. Haliżak & R. Kuźniar (Eds.), Stosunki międzynarodowe. Geneza, struktura, dynamika (pp. 472–492). Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego.Google Scholar
  8. Landes, D. S. (1998). The wealth and poverty of nations. New York/London: W.W. Norton & Company.Google Scholar
  9. Le Goff, J. (2007). Historia i pamięć. Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Pawłowski, S. (2010). Rola geografii w życiu narodów. In S. Pawłowski (Ed.), Geografia. Przedmiot badań, nauczania i zastosowań praktycznych (pp. 282–284). Poznań: Poznańskie Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Nauk, UAM.Google Scholar
  11. Solarz, M. W. (2009). Północ-Południe. Krytyczna analiza podziału świata na kraje wysoko i słabo rozwinięte. Warszawa: Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Solarz, M. W. (2012). ‘Third world’: The 60th anniversary of a concept that changed history. Third World Quarterly, 33(9), 1561–1573.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Solarz, M. W. (2014). The language of global development. A misleading geography. Abingdon/New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Solarz, M. W. (2018). Many worlds, one planet: ambiguous geographies of the contemporary international community. In M. W. Solarz (Ed.), New Geographies of the Globalized World (pp. 54–76). Abingdon and New York: Routledge.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Solarz, M. W., & Wojtaszczyk, M. (2015). Population pressures and the north–south divide between the first century and 2100. Third World Quarterly, 36(4), 802–816.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Szahaj, A. (2004). Postmodernizm. In B. Szlachta (Ed.), Słownik społeczny (pp. 935–941). Kraków: Wydawnictwo WAM.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geography and Regional StudiesUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations