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The Place of the French Language in Arabic-Speaking Mediterranean

  • Jean-Louis BallaisEmail author
  • Mohamed Al Amrawy
  • Mohamed Al Dbiyat
  • Laurence Charbel
  • Bernard Geyer
  • Lyamine Mezedjri
Reference work entry

Abstract

The Arabic-speaking Mediterranean region spans from Morocco to Syria. Its two major languages (Arabic and French) were imposed by colonization during the nineteenth century. Here, we hypothesize that the practice of French language is diminishing in favor of English – the “langue hyper-centrale” (Calvet, La Méditerranée mer de nos langues. CNRS Éditions, Paris, p 268, 2016) – in the ancient English colonies (Egypt, Libya, Palestine), but with important local differences; and further we hypothesize that in the ancient French colonies (Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Lebanon), English is being resisted. We use statistical data obtained from country governments, various organizations, and from our own field experience to explore this hypothesis.

Keywords

French Arabic English French-speaking communities 

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jean-Louis Ballais
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Mohamed Al Amrawy
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mohamed Al Dbiyat
    • 4
  • Laurence Charbel
    • 5
  • Bernard Geyer
    • 6
  • Lyamine Mezedjri
    • 7
  1. 1.Pôle Géographie-Aménagement-EnvironnementAix-Marseille UniversityMarseilleFrance
  2. 2.UMR ESPACEAix-en-ProvenceFrance
  3. 3.Mansourah UniversityMansouraEgypt
  4. 4.Institut Français du Proche-OrientBeirutLebanon
  5. 5.Libanese UniversityBeirutLebanon
  6. 6.CNRS, UMR 5133 – Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée Jean PouillouxUniversité de LyonLyonFrance
  7. 7.Skikda UniversitySkikdaAlgeria

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