Geographic Language of Wine Labels: Libations, Land, and Labels

Reference work entry


The amount of geographic information included on wine labels varies tremendously. That variation reflects in part the multitiered manner in which grape and wine production are controlled within many countries. Traditions and rules of geographic designation began in Europe as early as eighteenth century and have evolved over the years into complex systems of nomenclature and control. That nomenclature often has meaning beyond simply designating a circumscribed area of production. European geographic designations for wine production are more apt to have implications for wine production methods and quality than those in the New World. This chapter reviews the systems of geographic designation and control used for grape wine production in Italy, France, Germany, the United States, and Australia and how and why geographic information is conveyed on wine labels.


Wine Terroir Wine classification Viticulture 


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Further Reading

  1. There is a huge body of written works addressing wine, including its geography, history, and labeling. A few of the more useful sources, in addition to those referenced in the chapter, for understanding the history and geography of wine and its language include:Google Scholar
  2. Clark, O. (2015). The history of wine in 100 bottles: From Bachus to Bordeaux and beyond. New York: Sterling Epicure.Google Scholar
  3. Clarke, O. (2017). Oz Clark’s world of wine. New York: Sterling Epicure.Google Scholar
  4. Johnson, H., & Robinson, J. (2013). The world atlas of wine (7th ed.). London: Mitchell Beasley.Google Scholar
  5. Kolpan, S., Smith, B. H., & Weiss, M. A. (2010). Exploring wine: Completely (3rd ed.). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geography and GISUniversity of CincinnatiCincinnatiUSA

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